Are you at risk of Skin Cancer?
The Busamed Modderfontein Private Hospital Oncology unit shares some information related to skin cancer as well as some sun safety tips to avoid skin damage this summer.
What is Skin Cancer – Skin Cancer is an abnormal growth of skin cells and most often develops on skin exposed to the sun.
Most common types of skin cancer
- Basal Cell Carcinoma
- Squamous Cell Carcinoma
- Malignant Melanoma – highly aggressive type that tends to spread to other parts of the body, maybe fatal if not treated early.
For effective treatment it is important to know which type of skin cancer a patient has as this will affect treatment options and diagnosis.
Causes and Risk factors
Ultraviolet Light exposure
Light skinned people are at higher risk
Older people, due to build-up of sun exposure over time
Weakened immune system
Small waxy bump
Flat pinkish-red lesion on the arms, legs, nose, head
For Melanoma – asymmetric bumps, ragged around edges, uneven in colour, change in appearance and growing in size
Limit your excessive exposure to Ultraviolet rays from 10 am to 4pm
Avoid tanning beds
Avoid harmful chemicals
Wear sunscreen all year round and protective clothing
Check skin regularly and report changes to your doctor